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The name Cossack capital "Sich" had a double meaning: it was cleared

the forest carved wood or fortified place. So, the idea that

Host name originated from the word "cut" in the sense of "hack" because the Cossacks

considered his main task cut heads of enemies, it seems quite

implausible. In the figurative sense of the word "January" mean capital

all Zaporizhzhya Cossacks, the center of activity and control of all

military affairs, the residence of the main officers who led the

grassroots Cossacks.

Along with the word "January" was put the word "basket" that time were called "noble

Zaporozhye Koshem. " This is undoubtedly a word borrowed from outside, namely

taken from the Tatars as "Cossack", "chieftain", "Captain", "Chaush", "shepherd".

Tatar word "basket" or more correctly "Kosh" meant ten

thousand sheep otar1 consolidated together. "For convenience, perform pastoral

responsibilities - notes on this Hartahay - Tatars often used

alliances. At the head of the union was a man who had his own flock and which,

In addition, famed as a good manager, successfully increases its

cattle. With the kind of person everyone to come into union. This alliance had a

organization. It was headed by the founder, and members considered

investors. Ten connected cattle, 1,000 sheep each, are one

consolidated under the collective name khosh. Since 10 000 sheep uncomfortable

feed in one place, all the Kosh was divided into small flock in thousands and

less sheep. At each filled with flocks were three people; they are known

called shepherds. Anyone who has very notable agility, became

consolidated supervisor shepherds of the flock, and received the title of leader. General management of all individual

flocks concentrated in a basket. There lives the chief union and the supreme

Ruler of the basket. " Cossack Nikita L. Korzh explains the word "basket" as follows: winter and summer wandering in the desert, Zaporozhye Cossacks

used by shepherds for protection from cold winds and bad weather the basket;

These baskets resembled the tent: they were covered with felt around for

ease of movement from place to place by two wheels; in the middle

kabytsyu arranged for a fire, around which the dried and basking in bad weather

shepherds. Both of these explanations agrees Professor Grigoriev. According to

said, "basket means every temporary space in an empty area or

on the road: a separate tent, a few tents and a camp together ... So

koshem called as the Tatars, and the headquarters of Zaporizhia army,

consisting of neosilyh people, always ready to be transported from place to

place. "

The word "January" and "basket" were used Zaporozhye Cossacks is synonymous, with

an absolute distinction from one another: the word "January" course

understand the constant capital, constant core Cossacks permanent center of the

Cossacks, besides myself, at home; and the word "basket" often

understand government sometimes it mattered to accommodation

Cossack military camp, rates, staff, even the value of the Cossack

camp. But more often the word "basket" and "January" were used with the same

value of a fixed place of residence of Zaporizhzhya Cossacks. Therefore, in

Zaporozhye archive documents that have come down to us, there

caption: "Given the basket at the Bug", ie temporary camp at the Bug;

"Given the basket Zaporizhzhya Sich", "Given in Zaporizhzhya Sich Cauchy problem", that is

permanent place in Zaporizhzhya Sich; "It is written in the basket", that is written in

rate at constant Host; "Zaporozhye Kish", ie Zaporizhzhya Sich in

This year, month, date and place of permanent, such as New Host.

During his more than two centuries of existence Zaporozhian Cossacks

consistently changed eight Hosts: Khortitskiy, Bazavluk, Tomakivs'ka,

Mykytynska, Chortomlyk, Oleshkivski, Kamensky and new or

Pidpilnenska. The reasons for carrying Hosts from one place to another by

in part for the greater convenience of living in one area compared to

another, partly strategic considerations, some purely random phenomena

such as lack of water, a small area, areas harm to health

epidemic, which resulted in a certain area so zarazhalasya that living

people involuntarily had to carry the entire center of life, or January, in another,

healthy area.

Sequential list of Zaporizhzhya Sich found in the "History" Prince Semen

Myshetskoho, where he borrowed a chronicler Rihelman, followed by

historians Bantysh-Kamensky and Markevich. Prince Myshetskyy has ten

Hosts: In Sedniv near Chernigov; Kano in Kyiv below; Perevolochna near Kremenchug; at Khortytsya; on Tomakivtsi; with

We are kytynomu Cape; at the mouth of the river devil-mlyka; at the mouth of the river Kamenka; within

Oleshko tract, and, finally, the river underground. This list

No Bazavluk January, but there are three other Host - in Sedniv, Kano and

Perevolochna which can not be considered Sichamy. The fact that the Zaporizhzhya Cossacks, unlike the Little Russian, Ukrainian,

Cherkasky, the register, the police and the family who lived in the Old

Little, that is, Kyiv, Poltava, Chernihiv and partly

Podolia, in fact they were called Cossacks who lived beyond rapids

Dnieper; so Zaporozhye Sichamy in the strict and literal sense

should be called only by those who have emerged and have been placed below the thresholds.

As Sedniv, Kano, Perevolochyv are significantly higher thresholds to

Also in the Old Little, count them Zaporozhye Sichamy not at all

grounds. In this case, the testimony of Prince Myshetskoho important to us exactly

in that it confirms a recognized fact in the history of Ukraine gradual

colonization that came from the cities in the desert, and a close relationship and close

relationship with Ukrainian Zaporozhye Cossacks. Thus, the first

Zaporizhzhya Sich should be considered in January on the island of Khortytsya lower thresholds. [3, c.220]

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